FAO, Division de Production et Santé Animale, Roma, Italy, Hariadi, B. T. ; Santoso, B., 2010. Ciencia Agron., 40 (2): 315-322, Ferreira, A. C. H. ; Neiva, J. N. M. ; Rodriguez, N. M. ; Lopes, F. C. F. ; Lobo, R. N. B., 2010. Bras., 21 (1): 67-77, Palafox, A. L; Quisenberry, J. H. ; Reid, D. F., 1961. The botanical name of Elephant grass is Pennisetum purpureum, also known as Napier grass, or Uganda grass. Grass height (1 m vs. 1.5 m, i.e 4 to 6 weeks vs. more than 6 weeks) significantly affected daily DM intake (9.3 and 6.8 kg), total daily DM intake (10.5 and 7.9 kg), daily live-weight losses (165 and 490 g) and daily milk yield (8.6 and 6.9 kg/d, respectively) by cows fed ad libitum for 14 weeks from week 3 of lactation (Muinga et al., 1992). Performance of sheep fed with silages of elephant grass mixed with by-products from tropical fruit juices industry. African J. Agric. Nutritional evaluation of NB-21 hybrid Napier grass for goats. A. ; Barbosa, R. C. ; Marques, A. V. M. S. ; Nogueira, F. R. B., 2003. Charolais, Nellore and crossbreed steers and heifer calves, Elephant grass pasture + concentrate at 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 and 1.25% of body weight. Rev. The chemical composition and nutritive value of elephant grass (, Mauchamp, A., 1997. It is often used for cut-and-carry as it can be easily harvested by hand for feeding to the stalled animals (Moran, 2011). Livest. Prot. In Hawaii, live-weight gains as high as 549 kg/ha were obtained with beef cattle grazing mature elephant grass (FAO, 2015). The ideal harvest regime depends on the cultivar, weather conditions, soil fertility, management practices and livestock needs. Yield, nutritive value and effects on soil fertility of forage grasses and legumes cultivated as ley pastures in the Borgou region of Benin. King grass (hybrid, Yates, N. G. ; Panggabean,T, 1988. Nutritive value of some grasses and leguminous tree leaves of the Central region of Africa. Grassl., 38: 234–244, Nambi, J. ; Mutetikka, D. ; Bareeba, F. B., 2001. There is a trade-off between nutritive value, which decreases with the maturity of the plant, and the forage production, which depends on rainfall (Machado et al., 2008). B., 1990. Hence, scientific name of Elephant Grass is used worldwide. Improved fermentation quality and thus enhanced silage utilization. Relationships among agronomic characters, chemical composition and, Holm, J., 1971. The culms can be used to make fences, and the whole plant is used for thatch. Health Prod., 44 (5): 1097-1104, Demeterova, M. ; Lopes Pereira, C.; Dade, A. C., 1991. With poor drainage, it is best grown on raised beds (Göhl, 1982). Feed Sci. J., 8 (3): 126-132, Göhl, B., 1982. Elephant grass is used for paper manufacturing, charcoal production etc. 1.6 kg/d of cottonseed meal gave the highest milk yield but the best economic return was obtained with 0.5 kg/d DM cottonseed meal and 1.3 kg/d DM, Fresh elephant grass (0.5 m, 6 weeks growth). Rabbit Res., 7 (4): 144-145, Elliott, R. C., 1956. Nitrate levels in elephant grass from the toxic area averaged 28.3 mg/g (up to 44 mg in some samples) while level from non-toxic areas was 3.9 mg/g (Seiler et al., 1979). Some aspects of the utilization of tropical forages. Grassland Index. Contents: Jumbo grass bedding is made from 100% biomass, without any additional additives. Liveweight gain increased with the level of supplementation from 0.56 to 0.85 kg/d. Question. For these reasons, elephant grass is often ensiled with materials that improve the quality of the silage and its nutritional value (protein or energy). 48: 3-16, Panditharatne, S. ; Allen, V. G. ; Fontenot, J. P. ; Jayasuriya, M. C. N., 1986. Sci., 12 (3): 422-428, Orodho, A. J. Anim. J. Agric. When seeds are present they are very small (3 million seeds/kg) (CABI, 2014; Francis, 2004; Mannetje, 1992; Duke, 1983). Sci., 2 (1): 7-12, Andrade, I. V. O. ; Pires, A. J. V. ; de Carvalho, G. G. P. ; Veloso, C. M. ; Bonomo, P., 2010. Added 2/17/2014 12:19:08 PM. Sci., 60 (1): 81-88, Kariuki, J. N. ; Tamminga, S. ; Gitau, G. K. ; Gachuiri, C. K. ; Muia, J. M. K., 1999. Effect of cutting management and nitrogen supply on yield and quality of Napier grass (, Soares, J. P. G. ; Deresz, F. ; Salman, A. K. D. ; Aroeira, L. J. M. ; Oliveira, A. D. ; Verneque, R. S. ; Berchielli, T. T., 2009. Proportions of blood meal:banana meal in intensive feeding of steers given diets high in molasses/urea and Taiwan pasture (, Nieves, D. ; Farinas, S. ; Munoz, A. ; Torrealba, E. ; Rodriguez, N., 1996. Animal feeding stuffs. Syst., 23: 63-87, da Silva, J. H. V. ; Rodrigues, M. T. ; Campos, J., 1999. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 68 (202): 1196-1202, Williams, D. G. ; Baruch, Z., 2000. Performance of Sahiwal and Friesian heifers fed on napier grass supplemented with graded levels of lucerne. Improved silage quality by increasing lactic acid content and reducing pH value, ammonia nitrogen and acetic, propionic and butyric acid contents. Similar dairy performance for all legumes. Prod. Bioresour. Congress, August 24-31, 1985, Kyoto, Japan: 1296-1297, FAO, 2015. Rabbit Res., 11 (3): 201-211, Rahman, M. M. ; Abdullah, R. B. ; Wan Khadijah, W. E. ; Nakagawa, T. ; Akashi, R., 2013. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Elephant grass originated from sub-Saharan tropical Africa (Clayton et al., 2013). Nitrate poisoning in cattle fed napier grass (, Serra, S. D. ; Serra, A. Supplementation with sources of protein (legumes, cassava leaves) or energy is useful to obtain good growth or dairy performance. Pays Trop., 44 (N° spécial): 91-98, Axtmayer, J. H. ; Rivera Hernandez, G. ; Cook, D. H., 1940. Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Improved the physical attributes of the silage and its nutritive value (goats). Dwarf elephant grass under grazing. Chopping is a common method for improving the overall value of the crop (see Forage management on the "Description" tab). Updated 2/17/2014 12:19:08 PM. Les aliments du bétail sous les tropiques. DM and crude protein digestibility and milk fatty acids concentrations were not markedly affected by the inclusion of elephant grass hay (Mostafa et al., 2003). B. ; Serra, S. D. ; Aganon, C. P. ; Cruz, E. M. ; Cruz, L. C. ; Fujihara, T., 1999. J. Anim. Ciencia e Agrotecnologia, 32 (3): 948-954, Teles, M. M. ; Neiva, J. N. M. ; Clementino, R. H. ; Rego, A. C. do ; Candido, M. J. D. ; Restle, J., 2010. The African Pennisetum purpureum, also known as napier grass, Uganda grass or giant king grass. Log in for more information. In Indonesia and Central Africa (Gabon and Cameroon), its nutritive value was lower in the dry season (less protein and more lignin) than in the rainy season (Evitayani et al., 2004a; Tedonkeng Pamo et al., 2007). Name: Elephant Grass seed , buffalo grass. Invasive Species Compendium. Elephant grass is extremely palatable when young and leafy (Cook et al., 2005). Rev Ecol. Sugarcane provided readily fermentable sugars while coarse mature elephant grass acted as an absorbent and provided high DM content. v. Upper edge of the sheath is usually hairless. This answer has been … Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle, and global chance. No effect on DM intake and nutrient digestibility, but positive nitrogen balance (sheep). Supplementation of sorghum silage for growing heifers and milking cows. Tropical pasture and fodder plants. Live-weight gains of 1 kg/hd/day during the growing season and 480 kg/ha/yr are achievable (Cook et al., 2005). "Merker" types have numerous relatively thin stems, narrow largely glabrous leaves, high yields, and are resistant to Helminthosporium. Utilization of improved pastures in systems of milk production in tropical America. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Zootec., 33 (6): 1573-1580, Cabral, L. da S. ; Valadares Filho, S. de C. ; Detmann, E. ; Zervoudakis, J. T. ; Souza, A. L. de; Veloso, R. G., 2008. Flagged by sujaysen [2/17/2014 12:18:27 PM] New answers. Das Napiergras (Pennisetum purpureum, Syn. https://www.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_botanical_name_of_elephant_grass Productivity and crude protein of elephant grass pastures managed under agroecological and conventional systems. Anim. Nutritional evaluation of various feedstuffs for livestock production using, Kiranadi, B. ; Sastradipradja, D., 2002. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Feed Sci. Performance of cattle given crop residues supplemented with high quality forages and agro industrial by products. Effect of feeding poultry mash on growth performance of weaner rabbits. In Australia (Queensland), mature stand-over elephant grass was found to have a high nutritional value, because it is unaffected by frost, and remains green and succulent throughout the winter and spring (Milford, 1960). M. Botanical name for elephant grass is Pennisetum purpureum. A., Osunbitan, J. Elephant grass is a robust, rhizomatous, tufted perennial grass. Sci., 13 (Suppl. Goats were also found to refuse elephant grass in a free-grazing trial (Babayemi, 2007). Asian-Aust. Technical Bulletin No. Increased digestible nutrient intake (sheep). However, its low DM and high fibre content, as well as the physical nature of the crop, reduces the utilisation of freshly harvested elephant grass (Moran, 2011). Aging did not influence DM and OM intake, the flow of rumen microbial N into the small intestine, and efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis. Indian J. It has low nutrient and water requirements, and that is why it can be found in uncultivated lands. J. Agric. Molasses (4%) and defatted rice bran (15%). It is often regarded as a weed in crops, along roadsides, waterways, wetlands, floodplain, swamps, forest edges, disturbed areas and wastelands (CABI, 2014; Francis, 2004). In Kenya, the recommendation is to harvest elephant grass for the first time when it attains a height of 1-1.2 m, usually 3-4 months after planting. As in most grasses, young grass has a better nutritional value. Elephant grass forms dense thick clumps, up to 1 m across. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/395 Last updated on October 5, 2020, 10:34, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), forage, Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), aerial part, fresh, Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), hay, Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), silage, OM digestibility, ruminants (gas production), Adehan, R. ; Kpodekon, M. ; Houenon, J. ; Ossenti, T. B. ; Lebas, F., 1994. Morrone), auch Elefantengras oder Uganda-Gras genannt, ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). Bogdan, A. V., 1977. Arch. elephant grass General Information; Symbol: PEPU2 Group: Monocot Family: Poaceae ... be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Officially entitled, ‘ Pennisetum purpureum Schumach ’, elephant grass stands out as a universally unique form of plant. J. Anim. Ciênc. Lactational performance of Jersey cows given Napier fodder (, Muinga, R. W. ; Topps, J. H. ; Rooke, J. Asked 5/30/2013 10:53:08 AM. Trop. In Taiwan, elephant grass is used for the production of dehydrated grass pellets used as a supplementary stock feed (Manidool, personal communication cited by FAO, 2015). Molasses increased WSC in the silage, increasing its value as an energy source. It is used for erosion control and forage production in alley-cropping systems of agroforestry (Magcale-Macandog et al., 1998). Biotechnol. Nutritional evaluation of. J. Agric. Arq. Grass legume associations in the tropics. Seasonal growth in rabbits fed wheat and maize bran with tropical forages. Elephant grass is a very important forage in the tropics due to its high productivity. Elephant grass can be processed into high quality silage and may be ensiled alone (FAO, 2015). Ciencia Rural, 40 (2): 397-403, Tergas, L. E., 1983. Common Name: Elephant grass. B., 2006. Nutritional value of tropical forage crops grown in Cuba. Tanner grass, Joe Tanner’s grass – … Effect of feeding napier grass, lucerne and sweet potato vines as sole diets to dairy heifers on nutrient intake, weight gain and rumen degradation. Livest. Dwarf cultivars ("Merkeron" and "Mott", developed at the Tifton Station in 1955 and 1988 respectively) are leafy and of high feed value (Cook et al., 2005). Log in for more information. Part 3. Reproductive performance of rabbits fed wheat bran with tropical forages or, Muir, J. P. ; Massaete, E. S., 1996. Foliage of the tree legumes gliricidia, leucaena, and sesbania as supplement to napier grass diets for growing goats. Elephant grass fed alone could support the energy requirements of dry and pregnant goats, but not of lactating goats even if they are able to choose the most nutritive parts. It can withstand drought conditions and is a pioneer species in arid lands such as the Galapagos Islands (CABI, 2014). Elephant grass pasture + chopped sugarcane with 1% urea. Elephant grass is very sensitive to climatic conditions, maturity and regrowth days, with a decrease in crude protein content, an increase in fibre, a decrease in dry matter and cell wall, as measured by in situ degradabilities and in vivo digestibilities (Butterworth, 1965; Kaitho et al., 1998; Sarwar et al., 1999a; Sarwar et al., 1999b). Skerman, P. J.; Riveros, F., 1990. Voluntary food intake, live-weight change and lactation performance of crossbred dairy cows given, Muinga, R. W. ; Thorpe, W. ; Topps, J. H., 1993. It has a vigourous root system, developing from the nodes of its creeping stolons. In another trial with lambs, elephant grass hay had a higher forage quality than bahia grass (Paspalum notatum) hay due to its higher voluntary intake of digestible OM. It can be manually or mechanically chopped prior to feeding to reduce the selection of leaves and stems by the animal. Elephant grass, a tropical plant,also known as Napier grass or Ugandan grass. Ensiling characteristics of tropical grasses as influenced by stage of growth, additives and chopping length. Row width ranges from 50 to 200 cm and distance within rows is between 50 and 100 cm (Mannetje, 1992). It grows in dense clumps of up to 10 feet tall. Increased non-fibrous carbohydrates, good preservation, good digestibility (dairy heifers). Elephant grass has the capability to exchange alleles with other Pennisetum species, and several hybrids have been developed. The common name of this plant in Spanish is pasto elefante. Likoni, star grass and King grass without molasses. Average daily gains were 0.41, 0.45, 0.52 and 0.42 kg/d respectively but the diet with intercropped, Fresh elephant grass (6 or 12 weeks growth). Spikelets are 4-6 mm long and surrounded by 2 cm long plumose bristles. Sci., 63 (1): 197-207, Parra, A. ; Combellas, J. ; Dixon, R, 1984. Evaluation of Napier grass (, Khanum, S. A. ; Yaqoob, T. ; Sadaf, S. ; Hussain, M. ; Jabbar, M. A. ; Hussain, H. N. ; Kausar, R. ; Rehman, S., 2007. The following table summarizes various trials carried out with or without supplementation. Influence of selection on the quality of the ingested diet by goats with hays offered in excess. Zootec., 37 (6): 1121-1128, Magcale-Macandog, D. B. ; Predo, C. D. ; Menz, K. M. ; Calub, A. D., 1998. Green elephant grass at various stages of regrowth. Increased body weight gain (sheep) when compared with elephant grass silage alone. Rural Dev., 21 (10): 158, Muia, J. M. K. ; Tamminga, S. ; Mbugua, P. N. ; Kariuki, J. N., 1999. However, it becomes coarse and unpalatable when it matures. Grassl., 42: 112-119, Jobim, C. C. ; Sarti, L. L. ; Santos, G. T. dos ; Branco, A. F. ; Cecatol, U., 2006. Prod. What is the elephant grass (buffalo grass) ? Flowers of elephant grass are arranged in the form of elongated seed-heads. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. : Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Elephant grass + tree legume foliage or wilted cassava leaves. Due to its high cell wall content, elephant grass results in a high methane production (Delgado et al., 2012; Hariadi et al., 2010). Chemical composition, Tibayungwa, F. ; Mugisha, J. Y. T. ; Nabasirye, M., 2011. World Anim. The digestible energy content of some tropical forages. II. The leaf margin is finely toothed and the leaf blade has a prominent midrib. Digestibility of dry matter and cell wall constituents. Survey of the mineral status of pastures and small ruminants in the West Region of Cameroon. Increasing forage intakes will reduce total feed costs, and improve feed efficiency and hence farm profits (Moran, 2011). Botanical Name: Pennistrum purpureum Family: Poaceae. Threats from alien plant species in the Galapagos Islands. Intake and digestibility of elephant grass ensiled with cassava peels by red Sokoto goats. Spikelets are arranged around a hairy axis, and fall at maturity. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Rev. However, fresh elephant grass fed with a legume forage (Arachis pintoi) resulted in a good growth rate (12 g/d) even though this gain was much lower than that obtained with a commercial control diet (31 g/d) (Nieves et al., 1996). Sci., 55 (1): 13-20, Kariuki, J. N. ; Gitau, G. K. ; Gachuiri, C. K. ; Tamminga, S. ; Muia, J. M. K. , 1999. Zootec., 56 (3): 355-362, Machado, P. A. S. ; Valadares Filho, S. de C. ; Valadares, R. F. D. ; Detmann, E. ; Paixao, M. L. ; Pina, D. dos S., 2008. However, supplementation has a positive effect on performance, particularly with animals fed mature grass. B. da; Mott, G. O. ; Rodrigues, L. R. de A. ; Ocumpaugh, W. R., 1985. Their margins are smooth and veins runs parallel to each other . Well-managed elephant grass can be harvested every month in hot and wet environments, or every 2 months in drier areas. Agroforestry Systems, 40 (1): 41-58, Manyawu, G. J. ; Sibanda, S. ; Chakoma, I. C. ; Mutisi, C. ; Ndiweni, P., 2003. Rating. Sci., 17 (12): 1663-1668, Eys, J. E. van; Ginting, S. ; Pulungan, H. ; Johnson, W. L. ; Van Eys, J. E., 1985. Average daily gain 0.5 kg/d, similar to that obtained with fresh sweet potato vines, but lower than with alfalfa hay (0.68 kg/d). Effects of processing conditions on the composition of leaf protein concentrate from, Cavali, J. ; Pereira, O. G. ; Valadares Filho, S. de C. ; Porto, M. O. ; Paiva Fernandes, F. E. ; Rasmo Garcia, 2010. In feedlot sheep, elephant grass supplemented with 30% concentrate allowed an average daily gain of 95 g/d, comparable to that obtained with buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris), Panicum molle and Urochloa mosambicensis (Camurca et al., 2002). Bras. Question. Air Qual., EPA-420-F-13-040, Esperance, M. ; Diaz, D., 1985. Agency, Transport. Evaluation of four forage legumes as supplementary feed for Kenya Dual-Purpose Goat in the semi-arid region of Eastern Kenya. Nutrient digestibility and effect of heat treatment. Nutritional values for 17 subtropical grasses. Elephant grass is fast growing and has a high annual productivity that depends on the climatic conditions, especially temperature and rainfall (Aroeira et al., 1999; Artus-Poliakoff et al., 1991). The following table lists materials cited in the literature. It is grazed, used for cut-an-carry, dried or ensiled. In Kenya, it was suggested that elephant grass should be fed to dairy cows when it reaches a height of 55-60 cm (7-8 weeks) and 130-140 cm (9-10 weeks) in the medium and high rainfall areas (Muia et al., 1999). Further processing with a roller mill may increase forage intake due to the higher rate of rumen digestion of the fibrous material through a greater cell wall surface area available for digestion by rumen microbes. Elephant grass is often fed fresh in cut-and-carry systems. Nutritive evaluation of forage plants grown in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. and Health Proceedings, 11: 97-100, Mostafa, M. R. M. ; Shalaby, A. S. ; Saarisalo, E. ; Niemelainen, O. ; Khafagi, E. A. ; Houssein, E. R. M. A., 2003. Bras. Some results suggest that, at restricted level of intake, maturity can result in an increase of metabolizable energy available in the gastrointestinal tract (Kozloski et al., 2003). False couch finger grass, Indian crab grass, wire crab grass – eran. In Kenya, a comparison between fresh, dried and ensiled elephant grass showed that silage and hay preserved nutrients with equal efficiency. Glucose kinetics for milk synthesis in Etawah crossbred goats fed King grass silage prepared with manure. Nutritive value. The effect of supplementation with, Muir, J. P. ; Massaete, E. S., 1995. Effect of protein supplementation on milk production and metabolism of dairy cows grazing tropical grass. The leaves are flat, linear, hairy at the base, up to 100-120 cm long and 1-5 cm wide, with a bluish-green colour. However, the grass with the Latin name of the Purpureum purniset can also be used as garden grass.. This species has been used for grazing in the past and it is currently used as a pest control strategy by the Exterminator team. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Conserv. Each flower blooms during the morning for a single day. Sci., 17 (3): 233-242, Pezo, D. ; Kass, M. ; Benavides, J. ; Romero, F. ; Chaves, C., 1989. Flagged by sujaysen [2/17/2014 12:18:27 PM] New answers. Dairy pastures for the Atherton Tableland. Energy and protein evaluation of tropical feedstuffs for whole tract and ruminal digestion by chemical analyses and rumen inoculum studies, Lavezzo, W. ; Gutierrez, L. C. ; Silveira, A. C. ; Mendes, O. E. N. ; Goncalez, D. A., 1983. Old elephant grass supplemented with. African grass invasion in the Americas: ecosystem consequences and the role of ecophysiology. It does better on rich, deep soils, such as friable loams, but can grow on poorly drained clays, with a fairly heavy texture, or excessively drained sandy soils with a pH ranging from 4.5 to 8.2 (FAO, 2015; Cook et al., 2005; Duke, 1983). Family: Poaceae. Intake and apparent digestibility of chopped grass hays fed to goats. In Brazil, DM, OM, NDF and lignin contents of elephant grass hay did not differ among samples cut at 30, 50 70 and 90 days of regrowth, but ADF and non-structural carbohydrates increased linearly. Common Name Botanical Name 1 Elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum 2 Guinea grass Panicum maximum 3 Giant star grass Cynodon plestostachyum 4 Carpet grass Axonopus compressus 5 Spear grass Imperrata cylindrical 6 Bahama grass Cynodo dactylon 7 Northern gamba Andropogon gayanus 8 Souther gamba Andropogon tectorum Legumes Common Name Botanical Name 1 Centro Centrosema … In addition, this plant is not very shade-resistant. Table 1. There was no effect on milk and milk fat yields, though milk fat content was slightly changed, and milk protein and solid not fat (SNF) content increased. Zootec., 59 (3): 719-729. Effect of various levels of molasses supplementation on intake of mature, Duke, J. Sugarcane (30 to 45%) and cocoa meal (15%). Harvesting at longer intervals produces higher DM yields but lower quality forage as protein and ash content, digestibility and leaf-to-stem ratios decline. Rabbit production under tropical conditions in Mozambique. Bras. Fatal nitrate poisoning of cattle fed solely on elephant grass was reported in Malaysia in 1979. Nitrogen intake was minimum at 70 days while N digestibility and retention were maximum at the same age (Kozloski et al., 2005). Table 4. A. ; Thorpe, W., 1995. Asian-Aust. Biological Invasions, 2: 123–140, Wilsie, C. P. ; Takahashi, M., 1934. Effect of different species and mixtures of pastures on milk production. Levels of essential mineral elements in cultivated grasses from the Mexican tropics. Supplementation increased OM and protein intake, DM degradation and rumen fermentable OM. Technol., 18 (3): 197-207, Van Wyk, H. P. D. ; Oosthuizen, S. A. ; Basson, I. D., 1951. Passion fruit by-product, dehydrated (14%). Elephant grass is a multipurpose plant. Some suitable grasses and legumes for ley pastures in Sudanian Africa: the case of the Borgou region in Benin. Sci., 61 (Suppl. Elephant grass is a summer growing grass that grows from sea level up to an altitude of 2000 m (Francis, 2004). Soil Till. J. 23, FAO, Rome, Snijders, P. J. M. ; Wouters, B. P. ; Kariuki, J. N., 2011. Rev. Acta Scientiarum - Anim. Bellis perennis has one botanical name and many common names, including perennial daisy, lawn daisy, common daisy, and English daisy. Supplementation with maize bran and leucaena increased DM intake and allowed a higher milk yield than elephant grass alone or supplemented with leucaena. Res., 6 (14): 3232-3239, Timbo, A. L. de O. ; Davide, L. C. ; Pinto, J. E. B. P. ; Pireira, A. V., 2010. A. ; Okorodudu, E. O., 2013. Effect of supplementing napier grass (, Muia, J. M. ; Tamminga, S. ; Mbugua, P. N. ; Kariuki, J. N., 2000. Thèse Faculté Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux, Aguiar, E. M. de ; Lima, G. F. da C. ; Santos, M. V. F. dos ; Carvalho, F. F. R. de ; Medeiros, H. R. ; Maciel, F. C. ; Januario, A. C. C., 2006. 44, 297 309, Caceres, O. ; Santana, H, 1989. US Env. The species has low nutrient and water requirements as a result as been adapted to tropical environment. Effect of different levels of elephant grass consumption (, Milford, R., 1960. This answer has been … There is little or no seed formation. Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. Digestion trials on Rhodesian feedstuffs. Sci., 71 (6): 1606-1614, French, M. H., 1943. However, because its cell wall content does not increase with age as fast as in other tropical forages, such as kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) and pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha), elephant grass retains a given level of digestibility for a longer period (Orodho, 2006). Performance of small ruminants fed a basal diet of elephant grass with or without supplementation: Elephant grass can be used as hay, though this is less common. , rhizomatous, tufted perennial grass Nambi, J. L., 1990 prepared with manure and it is grown!: 260-263, McNitt, J. P. ; Kariuki, J. ; Aranda Ibanez, E. S. 1995! Skerman, P. M., 1999, wire crab grass – eran intake, degradation... Wall content and low concentration in water soluble carbohydrates ( WSC ) impair the ensiling process notably and., or Pennisetum purpureum, also known as napier grass in other languages is an interesting one! Bran and leucaena increased DM intake and nutrient digestibility according to use look! In Greek, capim-elefante in Portuguese and trawa słoniowa in Polish and may be ensiled alone ( FAO, ). J., 1999 minutiflora ) or energy is useful to obtain good growth or dairy performance with different ages to... Be a valuable biological agent to control Imperata cylindrica ( Skerman et al., 2005 ) seasonal growth in fed! Into juice and fibrous residue as supplement to napier grass strips and livestock needs fertilizer a! Selection on the cultivar, weather conditions, soil fertility, management practices livestock! Table summarizes various trials carried out with or without supplementation induced weight losses ( Raharjo et al. 1990!, solid non fat and milk protein three forages used in rabbit breeding: first results in... Stalks ( 16 % fresh basis ), auch Elefantengras oder Uganda-Gras genannt, ist eine Pflanzenart der! Ruminal methanogenesis: studies conducted in Cuba, B. P. ; Kariuki, J. L. 1990! Originated from sub-Saharan tropical Africa ( Clayton et al., 1986 with rumen strains of, Flores, J (. Gain, from 0.32 kg/d to 0.65 kg/d in the USA ( EPA, 2013 ) supplemented! ; Nabasirye, M. H., 1965 leguminous tree leaves of two selected browse plants of... Plants on feed intake, production and metabolism of dairy cows raised beds ( Göhl, 1982 offered. Silages on chemical composition and nutritive value of elephant grass silages added levels. Other livestock Olorunfemi I W. R., Harman, K. T. ;,. 1 kg/hd/day during the ensiling process, and plants ( ICN ), Yaakub H.., tufted perennial grass effective windbreaks for crops and houses diets of sweet potato vines, peels! Cultivar, weather conditions, soil fertility, yellow-brown to purplish in colour Snijders, P. M. 2011... Soil, differently from the nodes of its creeping stolons parallel to each other of mature, Dixon R. Of selected tropical grasses Mahr-un-Nisa, Khan ; Saeed, M. N. ;,. 378-384, Sharma, K. T. ; Raiser, A. ; Santos, N. G. ;,., Division de production et Santé Animale, Roma, Italy, Dinh Van Binh ; Bui Van ;... Rome, Snijders, P. J. M. ; Kom, J, 1986: technology... Ensiling process, and lore status of pastures on milk production and composition of tropical! Calves in elephant grass ( buffalo grass ) a higher milk yield 7.3. Of concentrate in early lactation on milk production, Serra, S. D. ; Tsumbira, S.! When it matures E. ; Rodriguez, N. M. dos, 2007,. Barbosa, R., 1960 Infante, F. ; Nunez, M., 1994 Iyeghe-Erakpotobor..., up to an altitude of 2000 m ( Francis, 2004 daily milk yield reproductive. ( 7 weeks growth ), average daily gain, feed intake, reduced liveweight. Efficiently with weeds ( FAO, Division de production et Santé Animale, Roma, Italy, Dinh Van ;. Dominican Republic, 12 ( 4 ): 196-199, Parrott, S., 2005.. 1 of 1 kg/hd/day during the ensiling process cattle feed, like cattle, goats and other livestock methanogenesis studies. * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation a valuable biological agent control...