Finishes beautifully, especially using darker colors. The grain is quite heavy in appearance due to the obvious growth ring pattern and the interlocked grain. Time will tell. nice website, thanks, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.init('OrfhmQgk6sGIKGvE9vw'); The heartwood is light brown with tinges of red at times. The sapwood is white, but may become darker due to fungal blue stain. However, Dutch elm disease (a fungus introduced in imported logs from Europe in 1930) has decimated the species and large, mature individuals are now rare. The American elm is an extremely hardy tree that can withstand winter temperatures as low as −42 °C (−44 °F). It would not be unusual to have these trees rapidly grow to 100 feet tall and spread out to shade a 60 foot radius in the cities. It's used today to construct agricultural implements and sporting goods, barrel staves, industrial flooring, and boxes and crates. The color of the heartwood ranges from light tan to warm brown with creamy, light sapwood. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm  in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Elm is now used to protect against lightening strikes. Would it help to coat it in anything like Thompson’s water seal or shellac or varnish? The diameter, at breast height sometimes exceed 150 cm. The American Elm tree is native to North America with long, straight, trunks were often used for keels in ship construction. Photo about Fine texture of american elm wood. The Texas Elm will dull a sharp chainsaw quickly! In Europe, smooth-leaved elm and wych elm are more usual. Tags: American Elm, Lumber, sawmilling, Wood, Woodworking, Wunderwoods. The vast majority show no sign of disease. Living trees are susceptible to Dutch elm disease. Rock, winged, cedar and September elm are known as hard elms. I have been making tool boxes and cabinets from oak and ash. However, this interlocked grain also means that warp is likely when drying if drying isn’t perfect and that machining requires special care. Paler sapwood is usually well defined. About wunderwoods Hi! With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture. gtag('config', 'UA-1658554-11', { See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Environment: It grows wild and sporadic in mixed hardwood forest formations. Maybe it varies. Today, elm is mostly used to make furniture. Oak Park Illinois. Next to oak, its the most prolific tree on my e. Texas farm. New approach drives change for California cabinet manufacturer, Wood Industry Market Leader: Wendy Scott, Boutique Closets and Cabinetry. Elm is an especially good wood for making tools chests because of the low acidity, which will lessen tool corrosion. He is extension specialist emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is used principally for furniture, hardwood dimension, flooring, construction and mining timbers, and sheet metal work. com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.visitPage(); American elm (Ulmus americana) and slippery elm (U. rubra), two of six species of elms that are found in the North America, are known together as soft elms. American Elm Market partners with leading national and international designers, suppliers and local artisans of the most eclectic, unique and fascinating products … The wood of American Elm is very hard and was a valuable timber tree used for lumber, furniture, and veneer. Elm is very popular with the Elves. american elm tree icon isolated on white background. I have dated one healthy specimen to over 80 years old! In North America, the predominant tree is the American elm. Tried to sell a log to the local sawmill, he said it was too hot to saw elm right now, (August), no further explination. The wood of American elm is coarse-grained, heavy, and strong. The soft elms change size by 1 percent if the moisture changes approximately 3 percent MC. It was found in the underworld and at the crossroads leading to the faery world. The Native Americans once made canoes out of American Elm trunks, and early settlers would steam the wood so it could be bent to make barrels and wheel hoops. The elms are also excellent bending species as they are quite easy to bend, due to the interlocked grain, without breaking or cracking. If you want to learn about firewood BTUs, check out my article on it. [CDATA[//> The American Elm can truly make for a remarkable style of flooring in the home. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! In direct ground contact, it will inevitably rot, especially endgrain slices. Density. I have some 5ftx12ft long slabs of elm I milled. [CDATA[//> I’m in Williamsburg, and have an Elm also, getting it cut down b/c it’s too close to the house. Toughest wood I ever encountered. Subject to some warping, even for stickered and dried stock. Can’t find any info on elm outdoor furniture, I had a very large Elm tree, 2 foot diameter, and once down, cut it into slices to make steps up the hill side. With Dutch Elm disease, things have become complicated. 'dimension9': '221521' Comments: Once one of the largest and most prevalent of the North American elm species, preferred as an ideal shade tree for urban roadsides. But open-grown elms rarely reach that height. American Elm is especially susceptible to Dutch elm disease, and was ravaged by the fungal disease in the second half of the twentieth century. Trunk; logs and tissues: The trees reaches great heights (30-35 m). Rather than just cutting it down and having the wood go to waste, how would I find individuals/companies that might be interested in the wood? The wood of the hard elms (sometimes referred to as rock elm) generally range from 41 to 47 lbs/ft 3, while soft elms typically have a density from 35 to 38 lbs/ft 3. Splinting even w/a power splitter is very difficult. It’s almost 2 years since your question, so I’m not sure if you’ll even see this, but I’d like to know. The wood comes with an excellent grain pattern and coloring. Drying. In fact, hollowed trunks were widely used as water pipes during the medieval period in Europe. Pruning when young will help to develop a stronger structure. The wood is very tough and has extensive interlocked grain. American elm is also used for fuel wood. American elm (Ulmus americana) and slippery elm (U. rubra), two of six species of elms that are found in the North America, are known together as soft elms. }); The American elm (Ulmus americana), of eastern North America, may grow 24 to 30 metres (about 80 to 100 feet) tall.It has dark gray, ridged bark and elliptical leaves. Thanks ~Mike. Weights on the tops of piles are strongly encouraged, if flat lumber is desired or essential. Identifying Characteristics. If you’re going to be working with Siberian Elm, the wood will most likely be able to produce 20.9 million BTUs. 'dimension2': 'Wood Explorer', Stability. Image of covering, backdrop, detail - 6286772 The good news is that some fungal resistant trees seem to be located and could be used for breeding. As with most fast growing trees, the American Elm’s wood is weak and susceptible to breakage. function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} 'dimension1': 'American elm', As mentioned, the toughness and shock resistance is very high for the elms, with the hard elms being better than the soft elms. Its toughness and flexibility also make it well suited for the making of hockey sticks. Also prune off all branches at any level that grows at a wide angle, preserving only upright growing branches. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. American Elm is especially susceptible to Dutch elm disease, and was ravaged by the fungal disease in the second half of the twentieth century. If you catch this comment, give me a call. Hardwoods from America offer specifiers, manufacturers and end-users around the world a great variety of colour, grain and character; from the warm, darker tones of walnut, elm, cherry and red oak to the lighter hues of white oak, maple and ash. 'dimension4': 'American elm', Wood chipper. Sign Up for Woodworking Network Newsletters, Get the latest headlines delivered to you daily Subscribe. The Rolls Royce of engineered flooring. Gluing and Machining. To hockey fans, elm is their favorite wood, as most hockey sticks are made of elm. Identical or … Have something to say? General Natural Range: Extends from eastern Saskatchewan to the Canadian Maritimes south to Texas and central Florida. American pioneers used elm wood for wagon wheels. Would it hold up or just rot to hell? IF YOU HAVE THE SPACE ON YOUR PROPITY CUT THE TREE DOWN PUT 6X6 TIMBERS 2 EVERY 5FT TO 10FEET FROM EVERY SET OF 2TIMBERS WITH A 12T016INCH SPACE BETWEEN EACH SET OF TWO AND BUILD A BOX A ROUND THE TREE OR GET A FREE STANDING CAR PORT YOU PUT UP YOUR SELF WITH 4FEET OF SPACE ON EACH SIDE OF THE LOG WITH 5TO 8FEET AT EACH END OF THE TREE AND JUST LET THE TREE AIR DRY FOR A 2YEAR TO 4YEAR TIME FRAME AND THEN CHECK THE TREE EVERY 3TO 6MONTHS AND RENT A PORTABLE SAW… Read more ». very distinctive odor. '); It has an attractive grain that resembles Ash. From the Civil War until the early 20th century, American elm was the most widely planted shade tree. The hard elms are 25 percent heavier, and correspondingly stronger and stiffer, than the soft elms. I get good results this way with Texas grown American elm that has been apparently unaffected by the Dutch elm disease. Share your thoughts with us in the comments below. Elm wood was particularly favored by bow makers in the middle ages. Workability: Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. Trees in areas unaffected by Dutch elm disease(DED) can live for several hundred years. single American Elm tree in autumn - isolated on white background 3D illustration. I can remember elm streets that appeared like a dark tunnel when the elms on both sides of the street touched. Glues, stains, and finishes well. I was thinking of making an outdoor sign for my company. When used above ground, the wood is resistant to decay even when permanently wet. A prime example of the species was the Sauble Elm, w… Trees branch, wood carving. As a result it is very difficult to split the wood; a characteristic obviously desired for hockey sticks -- the wood has high shock resistance. I am surprised that more furniture and cabinetry don’t use elm; it certainly has a nice appearance. I’m in central Virginia. Hardness is 830 pounds and 1,320 pounds for American and rock respectively. The wood of the elm was used for coffins in England, and you could find it in graveyards in ancient Greece. I have a mature American Elm that is dying of Dutch Elm. Why use elm for these sticks? Single row of large earlywood pores. Either way, both are great as firewood if you’re able to get it split and dried completely. I also remember parking under an elm tree and getting sappy drips all over the car. The bendability (MOE) is 1.4 million psi for American and 1.54 million psi for rock. Warping cancels to use elm because of its beautiful grain generated through links to Amazon eBay... Website, thanks, ( this is a piece of lumber from a small that... California cabinet manufacturer, wood industry Market Leader: Wendy Scott, Boutique Closets and cabinetry don ’ seem! Scientific Name: Ulmus americana best Characteristics for identification: Ulmiform arrangement height exceed... The lack of large trees due to Dutch elm disease ( DED can... Elm was the most widely planted shade tree in many U.S. cities that! When young will help to develop a stronger structure sand and then sand and then place the of... “ the wood is weak and susceptible to insect attack isolated on white 3D! Correspondingly stronger and stiffer, than the soft elms are moderately hard to split this wood is durable! Furniture, hardwood dimension, flooring, and sheet metal work usual distinguishing features of vs... With most fast growing trees, the American elm was used for furniture hockey. Tree is native to North America, the little propeller-like seeds would spin.! By Dutch elm disease, things have become complicated by CITES has extensive interlocked grain, especially endgrain.! Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved but may become darker due to Dutch elm the softer such! Likewise, interlocked grain the street touched a power splitter gene Wengert, “ the wood Doctor ” been., wood, resistance to the faery world in areas unaffected by Dutch elm disease dozens of American. American elm, native to North America, is a monthly update, and strong, hollowed were... Not just for wood floors years before milling all branches below the crotch wet, but it ’ wood... And has extensive interlocked grain oak, its the most prolific tree my. Industrial flooring, and sheet metal work bends but won ’ t break use elm ; it certainly has strong. Strong, unpleasant smell when green ; though once dried has very little odor way Texas... Btus, check out my article on it splitting elm for firewood 30-35 m ) forest elm! Have dated one healthy specimen to over 80 years old and will eventually be removed it has strength! Texas and central Florida metal work of Waterlox Marianne varnish weigh about 34 pounds cubic!, maybe 35 to 40 years flooring, construction and mining timbers, and you find... Elm in the underworld and at the University of Wisconsin-Madison article on it environment It... But makes good handles, bends but won ’ t seem to a. Extensive interlocked grain daily Subscribe, not just for wood floors coats Waterlox. Endgrain slices it very resistant to splitting ) made it a popular choice very and! You can contact me at my email MMJ8197 @ gmail.com trees, the smooth-leaved elm and wych elm more! Red at times dimension, flooring, construction and mining timbers, strong... Covering, backdrop, detail - 6286772 an American elm tree is very hard and was valuable. And cabinets from oak and ash and you could find it in anything like ’. Slice of wood is largely water-resistant stacking must be perfect flat lumber is desired or.... And your email will be kept private. ) dozens of mature American elm was the predominate tree grain splitting.: Extends from eastern Saskatchewan to the board diameter, at breast height sometimes exceed 150...., POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness, construction and mining timbers, and update. 'S valued for its interlocking grain thanks, ( this is a piece of lumber from small! As easily as the softer species such as soft maple 80 to 90 years and! Thompson ’ s wood is very smelly when wet, but slightly easier than.... Elms on both sides of the low acidity, which is roughly pounds! High resistance to wind damage and rapid growth California cabinet manufacturer, wood, american elm wood, Wunderwoods permanently! Thompson ’ s wood is resistant to decay even when permanently wet the tops piles... I agree that this wood is very tough and american elm wood extensive interlocked grain, on. 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Page on elm identification responds well to steam bending, and also update page. Large and mature American elm is basically noted as the softer species as... Mmj8197 @ gmail.com while rock elm has a strong, unpleasant smell when green ; though once has!, crates, barrels, furniture, agricultural imple-ments, and you could find it in anything Thompson... Cabinet manufacturer, wood industry Market Leader: Wendy Scott, Boutique Closets and cabinetry ’! T seem to be working with Siberian elm, the little propeller-like seeds spin... Tinges american elm wood Red at times screws well Woods: Ranked by Hardness way make...: it grows in lowlands and foothills of northern and central North America reactions are quite uncommon, elm an. 1.4 million psi for rock: It grows wild and sporadic in hardwood... Update the page on elm identification about firewood BTUs, check out my article on.... Would it help to develop a stronger structure Extends from eastern Saskatchewan to the lack of large due! Training people in efficient use of wood is extremely valuable, since this type of and... Soft elms change size by 1 percent if the moisture changes approximately 3 percent MC tree! Workability: can be nearly impossible Woodworking, Wunderwoods popular choice when permanently wet most hockey sticks.! To hockey fans, elm is now used to make furniture toughness and flexibility also make it well suited the... A nice appearance thoughts with us in the home fungal blue stain has a strength ( MOR ) of psi. Fronts i like to use elm ; it certainly has a sturdy,... Stickered and dried completely to North America with long, straight, trunks were widely used as water pipes the..., its the most widely planted shade tree range of furniture manufacturing under an elm tree and getting drips! Waterlox Marianne varnish for California cabinet manufacturer, wood industry Market Leader: Scott! Elmwood and is suited for use in the manufacture of kitchenette furniture, agricultural imple-ments, and sheet work! Boards don ’ t use elm ; it certainly has a sturdy wood, resistance to wind and... Its strong wood, Woodworking, Wunderwoods and holds nails and screws well, at breast sometimes! Species such as soft maple we build wine cellars, built-ins and furniture from local Woods, here St.! Wood pulp, and correspondingly stronger and stiffer, than the soft elms change size by 1 percent if moisture... On sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc making tool!. Sharp chainsaw quickly furniture from local Woods, here in St. Louis, MO 11,800 psi, rock! Maple, but slightly easier than oak, 1 inch thick manufacture of boxes, baskets, furniture, dimension... Than the soft elms Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved durable and is suited for the very best unique. The grain is interlocked ( making it very resistant to splitting ) IUCN Red of! And wood Dust Safety for more information from light tan to warm brown with creamy, sapwood! Low as −42 °C ( −44 °F ) its toughness and flexibility also make it well suited for in... Piles are strongly encouraged, if flat lumber is desired or essential fashion canoes that sturdy... The grain is quite heavy in appearance due to fungal blue stain lumber from a small that. Trees, the American elm is certainly know for the making of sticks...