gone, given, prepared etc. We can say that we add the idea of the past continuous tense to the idea of the past perfect tense. To make negative statements in the Past Perfect, we use: This is often used to explain or give a reason for something in the past. Below given are few examples of Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Tense-, Now we will go through some complex sentences and understand their formation with respect to Past Perfect Tense. Mary decided to buy a new juicer because her old one hadn’t been working for years. Detail. Negative Sentences – Subject + had + not + V3. 16) We ________ apologized for our mistake. 7) They have leave their house a couple of years back. What is Another Word for TEMP? Had he written the letter? In short negative answers we can also use short forms of ‘had’. (improve), 5) _________ she conveyed the message when __________ to do so. 7) Had the children ____________ to the teacher? She also have an adorable skills of adaptability and research proficiency which makes her work more impactful, eye catching and informative. (get). 6) They have not informed about their arrival. The Structures of Past Perfect Tense POSITIVE FORM (+): Subject + HAD ( … “Did not” goes with every subject. ( Affirmative), He had not gone to the market. The past perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action took place once or many times before another point in the past. We had not arrived there before the train came. They had given him a great applause for his achievements. The only exception is that a ‘not’ is inserted between the auxiliary verb and the main verb, which negates the whole sentence. They had run out of necessary resources before the supplies came. (sing), 12) I had ___________ for ten hours that night. (board), 7) Had he ____________ his arrival? (begin). He had left the school before the principal came. 17) He had __________ a lot of respect as a teacher. Crosscheck your answers with that provided at the end of the exercise. Or Why she had not caught the thief on her own? MCQs Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Interrogative Past Perfect Sentences: Complete the given sentences by choosing appropriate choices given so as to make the sentences interrogative in Past Perfect Tense. Though we will go through their details in the following exercises we will also understand it with few examples of each here. Interrogative – Negative Sentences in Past Perfect Form, The interrogative sentences above can be converted in to Interrogative – Negative sentences by placing ‘not, in between the auxiliary verb and the subject as given below-, Adding ‘Why’ And Other Question Words, Please note that the above Interrogative and Interrogative- Negative sentences may be prefixed with Question Words, as given below-, Also by just interchanging the positions of auxiliary verb and subject, an interrogative sentence can be converted into a simple Past Perfect Tense Positive form as shown below-, Fill in the Blanks Exercises/Worksheet/Activities on Interrogative Past Perfect Tense-. 2) By interchanging the places of Auxiliary Verbs and Subject. Past Perfect Tense is used to describe actions that happened in the past either a long time ago or in the near past. 11) It had ___________ travelled faster than other modes of transportation. 18) The children had _________ played yesterday. (sell), 17) ________ you ___________ your book to anyone? Answers- 1)True, 2)False, 3)True, 4)False, 5)True, 6)False, 7)True, 8)False, 9)True, 10)False, 11)True, 12)False, 13)True, 14)False, 15)True. Had she not given you food before you left? (dance), Answer- 1)had, 2)called, 3)left, 4)improved, 5)had, asked, 6)had, boarded, 7)confirmed, 8)had, written, 9)driven, 10)jumped, 11)had, 12)had, prepared, 13)had, narrated, 14)had, 15)prepared,16)sold, 17)had, given, 18)he/she, 19)eaten, 20)danced. The king had proclaimed his youngest son as heir to the throne. (forgot), 16) He was sad because his friends __________ not _____________ him in need. She had comelate to the school. In the following exercises we will go through all the three forms of sentences in Past Perfect Tense with help of suitable formula and exercise, Structure/Formula for Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Tense Forms, The basic structure/formula for positive sentences represented in Past Perfect Tense is –, Rules for Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Tense Forms, The rules for writing Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Forms are simple as described by the structural formula. Simple Past Tense 17) We had __________ the boarding passes before ___________ the plane. 14) We had driven quite fast from the place. (sleep), 13) The flight ________ left before they __________ at the airport. © Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. The second part "the doctor came" is sentence of past simple tense. I had never seen such a beautiful sunset before I went to the island. We weren’t playing. The sentence usually starts with the subject i.e. 10) People from different backgrounds had joined hands to fight for their freedom. TAPE: Synonyms and Related Words. Do I prefer my coffee black? We use the present perfect, in the interrogative form, to ask about completed actions which have occurred in the past, are connected to the present and still have effects on it. 8) The miscreants _________ left the place before the police __________. To make questions in the Past Perfect, we put ‘had’ before the subject and add the Past Participle form of the verb: To create a question that will be answered with a ‘yes’ or ‘no’, use ‘Had‘ (or ‘Hadn’t‘ for a negative question) + Past Participle form of the verb. All of the above sentences are interrogative irrespective of whether they are simple or complex. Why had they not informed the teacher? When expressed in its interrogative form, it is used to ask questions about things that were happening in a past period of time. I went there after I had completed the task. Active and passive structures for affirmative, interrogative, negative, negative interrogative and WH/ information questions along with examples. You can take the help of the verb hints wherever provided. 7) Have they touch the feet of the priest? Please follow the list about Structure of Past Perfect Tense; The tenses simply show the time of an action. Had we anticipated this happening? ( Simple Past Tense + Simple Past Tense), (subject + auxiliary verb + Not + past participle verb + object), He had gone to the market. In these examples, Event A is the event that happened first and Event B is the second or more recent event: The above statement constitutes two events expressed in simple past tense joined by a conjunction ‘before’ which tells us the sequence of occurrence i.e. Verify your progress with the answers provided at the end of the exercise. The object as usual may be simple or could specify a condition or an action. (flee), 13) People ________ not ___________ to discuss social issues. How we had not arrived there before the train came? 6) Teacher had not ___________ the students to talk. (help), 17) The bullock had not ___________ the green and soft grass. The present perfect tense is used to express a past event that has happened at an unspecified time where the exact time is not known and also is not necessarily completed. Use the following pattern. He had been playing hockey for two hours. Carefully going through all the three types of Past Perfect Tense sentences it is evident that the auxiliary verb used in all the forms is ‘had’ and the third form of verb (Past Participle) is used i.e. (eaten), 20) Had you ___________ in the party? (Negative), Had she not exposed the crime? 5) The gentleman _______ obliged by sending a thank you note. A teacher by circumstances but passionately devoted for writings. Take the help of the verb hints wherever provided. 8) They ________ hidden the treasure deep in the ocean. (prepare), 13) _________ she __________ the whole incident to her friends? followed by the Object at last. For the simplicity of understanding we will consider the above examples as discussed in Negative Sentences-, The places of auxiliary verbs and subjects can be interchanged as given below-. Fill in the Blanks Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Positive Past Perfect Tense Sentences with Answers: Complete the below sentences with suitable words (auxiliary verbs or past participle verb form) so as they represent Past Perfect Tense in positive form. (inform). SURPASS: Synonyms and Related Words. (narrate), 15) Had he ____________ for the tests? Iniciar sesión. 12) The crew _________ apologized for the inconvenience. 1) They _________ assumed his as their leader. Past Perfect Tense. Choose the most appropriate word from the choices given so as to make the sentence positive in Past Perfect form. (give), 19) Had he ___________ his lunch? © 2020 Avantis, s.r.o. 7) They ________ not ____________ dinner when the guests ______________. (‘run ‘ is an irregular verb). ( Negative). All the above examples determine Past Perfect Tense in Positive forms. ( Simple Past + Past Perfect), I did my home work after I came back from the market. Negative Sentences in the Past Perfect Simple Tense When creating negative sentences, we use the auxiliary verbs hadn’t (had not) together with the V3 (past participle) form of the verb. Why had she not caught the thief on her own? (ask), Answers- 1)had, got, 2)not, 3)not, began, 4)not, 5)had, given, 6)informed, 7)not, 8)gone, 9)fined, not, 10)given, 11)not, 12)fled, 13)had, gathered, 14)forgotten, 15)not, 16)had, helped, 17)grazed, 18)not, 19)had, 20)asked. Present Perfect It has rained a lot lately. Cross check your progress with the answers provided at the end of the exercise. It is clear from the above examples that by simply interchanging the places of auxiliary verb ‘had’ and the subject, a Negative Sentence in Past Perfect Form could be converted into Negative-Interrogative sentence. Had she not praised herself on achieving good grades? Answers- 1)b, 2)a, 3)c, 4)b, 5)b, 6)a,7)c, 8)b, 9)b, 10)a, 11)c, 12)c, 13)a, 14)c, 15)b, 16)c, 17)a, 18)b, 19)a, 20)c. True or False Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Negative Past Perfect Tense Sentences: Determine whether the following sentences are true or false and also verify your answers with those provided at the end of the exercise. Had he not opened the door when you knocked? Why had he not allowed the class to go on picnic? Past Perfect Continuous Tense Examples. 19) We had ____________ in the best hotel in town. 4) We had __________ received the bonus last year. Interrogative sentences in the past perfect tense have the following structure: Had + subject + past participle form of the verb Had I seen him before? ( Affirmative), She had not exposed the crime. ( Negative), She had exposed the crime. List of model sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Preguntar. 1) Had he wander in the forest before finding a way out? Answers- 1)False, 2)True, 3)False, 4)True, 5)False, 6)True, 7)False, 8)True, 9)False, 10)True, 11)False, 12)True, 13)False,14)True, 15)False. I had done my homework after I came back from the market. (collect, board), 18) The children had __________ for an extended play time. Positive Sentences 10 Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Carefully go through the below sentences. 10) The train we _________ waiting for had __________ on time. 7) The glass had __________ out of my hand onto the table. It does not matter which event is mentioned first - the tense makes it clear which one happened first. Present Continuous She is listening the music now. As their name implies, negative interrogative sentences (sometimes called interro-negative sentences) are interrogative sentences that are made negative. (arrived), 14) Children had _________ to school after the bus ___________. Rules for Negative Sentences in Past Perfect Form: There is no change in the auxiliary verb as it remains the same – i.e. To make negative statements in the Past Perfect, we use: had not (hadn’t) + Past Participle This is often used to explain or give a reason for something in the past. In the lesson below I am going to elaborate active and passive voice of past perfect tense. Past Tense: Negative Sentences with Verbs Use “did not” to make a negative past tense sentence in English. Take the help of the verb hint wherever provided. ... Interrogative sentences. TEMP: Synonyms and Related Words. Past Perfect Tense Examples, Definition, Formula, Exercises in Hindi, Rules, Video Explanation, English to Hindi Explanation. Past perfect tense describes an action or a work that is completed in the past. is affixed at the end of sentence in place of Full Stop (.). ... Verb in Past Participle. (help). 9) He had _____________ his soft skills. He had not allowed the class to go on picnic. They had run out of necessary resources before the supplies came in. 19) Had he ___________ for miles to reach his school? In sentence 1, "The patient had died" is sentence of past perfect tense, it says about an action which occurred before another action in past which is "the doctor came". 12 Tenses table for go in Interrogative Negative sentences, Interrogative Negative Tense Sentences with Examples for go, Interrogative Negative Sentences in Tense Form, வினைச்சொல் மற்றும் அவற்றின் காலங்கள் . To make a special question, use the same word order as with yes-no questions but put a wh-word before the verb ‘had’. The following are more examples of past perfect tense in sentences. 5) Students had not ___________ much in the fest. True or False Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Positive Past Perfect Tense Sentences: Determine whether the following sentences are true or false and also find the corrected sentences in the answers provided at the end of the exercise. 2) Had your friends __________ you on your birthday? The above sentences describe an action which has occurred in the past, it could have occurred in the near past or few months or even few years back. What is Another Word for TENFOLD? The past perfect tense is underlined in each sentence. Though we will go through their details in the following exercises we will also understand it with few examples of each here. 10) People from different backgrounds has join hands to fight for their freedom. Had he not gone to the market? Till now you might have well understood the formation of positive, negative and interrogative sentences in Past Perfect Continuous form with the help of examples given above; we will go through each one of them individually and understand their formation with help of Structure/Formula and rules as well as by solving exercises. Nick hadn’t attended our meeting, so we discussed everything without him. (confirm), 8) ___________ the students __________ their exams well? 1) By adding ‘Why’ and other question words. They were playing. All rights reserved. We were not able to stay overnight at the hotel since we had not reserved a room in advance. Below sentences represent Negative sentences in Past Perfect Tense- She had not gone to school. Fill in the Blanks Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Negative Past Perfect Tense Sentences: Complete the below sentences by using appropriate words so that they represent a Negative sentence in Past Perfect form. You will practice the structure of simple past in affirmative, interrogative and negative. The basic function (job) of an interrogative sentence is to ask a direct question.It asks us something or requests information (as opposed to a statement which tells us something or gives information). Negative Sentences in Past Indefinite Tense It is also possible to organize sentences with negative meanings using the Past Infinitive Tense. In addition to asking literal questions, negative interrogative sentences are often used to imply that the speaker is expecting a certain answer or for emphatic effect. MCQ Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Negative Past Perfect Tense Sentences: Choose the correct word from the choices given so as to make a negative sentence in Past Perfect form and also cross check your progress with the answers provided at the end. Registrarse. 1. The Negative sentences in Past Perfect form may be converted into Negative- Interrogative sentences by making simple modifications as given below. ; He hadn’t been studying for 5 months before he returned to the university from a sabbatical leave. I had not (hadn’t) completed the task. Had they taken precaution as advised by the officer? PAST PERFECT TENSE This post includes detailed expressions about Past Perfect Tense and its structures in english. Also check out the corrected version in the answers given at the end of the exercise. Past Continuous or Past Progressive Tense We use Past Perfect tense to ask and answer questions about actions that took place before a certain moment or another action in the past. It gives a sense of completion of an activity in past. Why had he not written the letter? 7) He had ___________ the needy whenever it was possible for him. The final punctuation is always a question mark (?. 7) She had ___________got approval for a week’s leave. He was playing. 7) They had left their house a couple of years back. She had given me her number an year back. ( Interrogative), Had she done a good job? 4) They ______ arrived on time for the meeting. (Negative-Interrogative), He had not colluded with the accused. You weren’t playing. (graze). 15) She _________ finished cooking ___________ she started washing clothes. In affirmative sentences the structure is the following: I. 13) Ice cream had not ___________ before we ________ it. Past Perfect Continuous Tense. 1) They had ___________ conceived anything stupid. It is also used to describe actions of the near past that have been completed or remain incomplete with reference to another activity. In Interrogative and Negative Sentence, 'Not' is added just before 'Been'. Simple Sentence . When we have to make negative sentences, we use not after (Had) and before been. Structure/Formula for Interrogative Sentences in Past Perfect Form, The Structure/Formula for Interrogative sentences in Past Perfect Tense form is-, Rules for Interrogative Sentences in Past Perfect Form, Auxiliary verb used remains same as in positive and negative sentences- i.e. (go), 9) They were ___________ because they had ___________ obeyed the law. Past Continuous or Past Progressive Tense. (gather), 14) He had not ____________ his roots. Interestingly the above relative sentences can both be written in past forms as-. The past perfect tense is one of four Past tenses. (ask), 6) _________ they ___________ the plane on time? Iniciar sesión. Past Continuous Tense, Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative Sentences Affirmative I was playing. 15) They have earning enough for a living. Jis sentences ke end me CHUKA THA, CHUKI THI, CHUKE THE, AA THE, EI THI, AE THE, LIYA THA, DIYA THA, KIYA THA aae to use ham Past Perfect Tense kehte hai.. 9) Had the principal __________ his approval? Present Perfect Tense Sentences (50 Examples of Affirmative, Negative & Interrogative Sentences). The structure is: wh-word + had + [subject] + Past Participle. 7) Had they touched the feet of the priest? 2) She had _________ her book to the library. 5) He had already ___________ the authorities about the incident. Functions of the past perfect. 18) He had not ____________ the electricity bill. 4) The previous principal had ________ less importance to extracurricular activities. Past Perfect Continuous Interrogative sentence starts with 'Had' and 'Been' remains just before the verb (first form + 'Ing'). The past continuous (or progressive) is the tense used to express situations that take place in the past and were in progress at any moment during a period of time.. (leave), 4) Had I ____________ my skills? ‘had’. Consider the following examples of interrogative sentences in the Past Perfect form-. Verify your progress with the answers provided at the end of the exercise. –‘He had left the school’ (action)’before (relative time) the principal came in (condition).’. Special questions (also known as wh-questions) are questions that require more information in their answers. Is she listening the music now? what happened first. Answers- 1)b, 2)c, 3)a, 4)c, 5)b, 6)a, 7)b, 8)b, 9)c, 10)b, 11)b,12)a, 13)b, 14)c, 15)a, 16)b, 17)c, 18)a, 19)b,20)a. (Negative-Interrogative), She had not exposed the crime. 8) I had not ________ to my ancestral village during vacations. the third form or Past Participle form. (Negative- Interrogative), (auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + object). (drive), 10) Had you ever ______________ using a parachute? (write), 9) Had she ____________ for more than 100 kilometers? 1. ( Interrogative). 1) He ________ not ___________ the letter. While doing this, you should also be considering the state and actions that took place in the past. Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative 12 TENSES, Negative Positive Question Sentences Examples Tenses Positive Negative Question Present Simple I prefer my coffee black. Examples of Past Perfect Tense. Question Mark (?) Negative sentences. True or False Exercises/Worksheet/Activities on Interrogative Past Perfect Tense: Determine whether the following sentences are true or false. Rule: Sub+had+not+V3 Interrogative Sentence. e.g. (jump). (give), 3) The Cow had ___________ in the field __________ the dusk. (give). (subject + auxiliary verb (had) + third form of verb (past participle) + object). In the first sentence above the speaker is talking about an incident which has occurred an year back while the second sentence attaches a condition with the action being talked about. (give), 6) He had not _____________ the management about the incident. She was playing. 1) Had they ___________ the transfer certificates before getting admission? Meenu Pandey has done master's in English literature and bachelor degree in education (B.Ed). She wasn’t playing. 12) It had not ____________ from its place. I had gone to the college when it happened. TENFOLD: Synonyms and Related Words. 6) The officer had ______________ a medal for his bravery. Crosscheck your answers with the corrected sentences provided below: 1) Had he wandered in the forest before finding a way out? Principal had given his approval for the annual functions. i.e. Functions of the past perfect The past perfect refers to a time earlier than before now. They are made using wh- words such as what, where, when, why, which, who, how, how many, how much. Past Perfect Tense is used to express two types of actions which occurred or completed in the past. It is usually used to express an action which occurred a long time ago in past.